Swedish National "Folkdräkt"
The SWEDISH NATIONAL FOLK DRESS was designed and promoted by Marta Palme in 1903 to help promote a feeling of national pride. The colors are taken from the Swedish flag. The response was luke-warm until Nation Day, June 6, 1983 when the dress was worn by Queen Queen Silvia.
In the Swedish culture, garments and the rules of protocol developed for creating and wearing them reflected your place in society. The garments identified you by gender, occupation, social class, marital status and geographic location. Fabrics and garments were home/hand made.
We celebrate these wonderful garments and traditions as a means of respect and understanding for the life of our immigrant relatives, what they came from and brought with them. They help us link to time and place declaring "we belong together...we are linked to the past."
Swedish National Folk Dress:
The Apron (forklade)
A necessary and important part of the Folkdräkt. Made of linen or wool and later, cotton, crepe or silk, it is the focal point of the costume.
The Neck Scarf (sjan)
Made of linen, wool and cotton or silk with a variety of designs or embroidery, the square scarf is folded on the diagonal and worn on top of the blouse and vest and either tied or secured with a pin.
The Head covering (huvudbonad)
Head coverings came in a variety of types. White linen started and folded/draped in elaborate forms called huvudduk or klut. Formed hats of silk or satin called bindmossa. They often have a ruffled lace edge/lining to protect the fabric from hair oil.
Waist Bag (kjolvaska)
Worn outside the skirt or pants some designs date to the Medieval ages. Made of linen, wool or leather the design announces parish or province of the wearer.